Court name
Court of Appeal of Tanzania

Maulid Hassan Kondo vs Republic () [1994] TZCA 13 (30 May 1994);

Law report citations
1994 TLR 143 (TZCA)
Media neutral citation
[1994] TZCA 13

D Mnzavas, JA, delivered the following considered judgment of the Courts:
Maulidi Hassani Kondo was charged with and convicted of murder contrary to s 196 of the Penal Code and sentenced to death. Dissatisfied with the decision of the High Court, (Mapigano, J) he has appealed to this Court. E
When the appeal came up for hearing on 17 February 1994 we discovered that it was not properly before us as the memorandum of appeal was filed out of time contrary to the provisions of Rule 65(1) of the Court of Appeal Rules. Dr Lamwai, F learned defence counsel applied for an adjournment to enable him to file an application for leave by this Court for enlargement of time to file memorandum of appeal. The application was granted but when the matter came up again for hearing this morning - 26 May 1994, Dr Lamwai informed the Court that after he G had scrutinised the evidence tendered in the High Court he was of the view that the conviction was based on the evidence of identification of the appellant by PW1, Fatuma Thabiti, who told the trial court that she saw and identified the appellant as he was attacking the deceased Thabiti Ali on 18 November 1990.
H The learned defence counsel finally told the Court that he had nothing to say about the conviction and left the matter to the Court to decide. In her short submission to the Court Miss Kiwanga, learned State Attorney, said that in view of what the learned defence counsel had stated she also left it to the court to decide.
First we would like to point out that the appeal was not properly before us as the mandatory provisions of Rule 65(1) were not com- I

plied with. That being the position the Court would be entitled to strike it out as A incompetent.
Even if for the sake of argument the appeal had been properly before us we would have no reason to interfere with the finding of the High Court taking into account that the conviction was based on the clear and loud evidence of Fatuma, PW1. B
The witness, (PW1), testified that she knew the appellant before the incident and that she clearly saw him attacking the deceased on the head with a pestle. According to her testimony the attack took place in the morning at a `ngoma' party to celebrate the initiation of three girls and that it was in the morning at 6 am. That PW1 could not have mistakenly identified the appellant is evident from her C husband's testimony. Her husband, (PW2), told the court that he saw the appellant holding a pestle and attacking his wife (PW1) in the flank. Apparently the appellant is uncle of PW2. There was no suggestion, leave alone evidence, that PW1 and PW2 had reason to tell lies against the appellant. D
We see no reason to differ with the learned judge's finding of fact that it was the appellant who fatally attacked the deceased on the material day. Malice aforethought was clearly established taking into account the evidence that the appellant used a pestle in attacking the deceased; he held the pestle with both E hands when inflicting the blow and directed the blow to such vulnerable part of the body, the head.
We are satisfied in our own minds that there was ample evidence in support of the learned judge's finding that the appellant was guilty of the offence of murder as charged. In the event we dismiss the appeal in its entirety. F